BEAT: GLOBAL WATCHDOG
FOREIGN CORRESPONDENT: THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR
HUMAN RIGHTS COVERAGE
SURPRISE ATTACK: 9/11
MORITZ IN MONITOR ARCHIVES
OTHER MONITOR ASSIGNMENTS
NATIONAL PUBLIC RADIO
CONSULTANT: SHORT-WAVE RADIO
HUMAN RIGHTS JOURNALISM WEB SITE
CASE STUDIES: "REPORTING AS A GLOBAL WATCHDOG"
WRITING AND RESEARCH:
Frederic A. Moritz has practiced, researched,and written about human rights reporting for more than two decades -- first as a foreign correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor -- then as a teacher of journalism and Asian studies at Penn State University and Bucknell University. To view a sample of his articles in The Monitor going back to 1980, click here, choose category "advanced search" and enter "Frederic A. Moritz."
Since 1988 he has been researching the history and methods of American foreign correspondence focusing on how human rights reporting can act as an international "watchdog," sometimes powerfully impacting US public opinion in crises areas such as Bosnia and Iraq. His writings, available as an online book, American Human Rights Reporting as a Global Watchdog seek to:
*Develop an overall framework for better understanding the economic, cultural and technological conditions under which American media spotlight overseas abuses in a way which impacts American attitudes, politics, and policies.
*Spotlight the sometimes fine line between distorted sensationalism producing stereotypes and propaganda about overseas events and insightful exposure of overseas brutality in a way which encourages constructive action by governments and peoples in America and elsewhere.
*Explore the inherent selectivity of American human rights journalism, as shaped by technology, politics, culture, and the logic of history.
*Explore the way in which American human rights reporting can act as a "gateway" to produce or justify war.
*Illuminate the circumstances under which American journalists have ignored or papered over massive abuse - such as in the cases of Hitler and Stalin.
*Examine the impact of changing technology of global human rights reporting in media such as television and the Internet. New technologies have cut information barriers, helped human rights advocates gain media attention, and visually dramatized bloody government crackdowns and emaciating famines.
Moritz maintains a longtime interest is the relationship between journalism and intelligence analysis going back to his days of reporting Chinese policy and intentions while Asia correspondent for the Monitor, 1976 to 1981.
1984 to 1990: Frequent contributor of op.ed. columns and other articles to The Christian Science Monitor writing on human rights issues, and relations among the US and countries in Asia and the Pacific with special emphasis on China, Southeast Asia. Also involved writing on how US media cover Asia and the Pacific.
1981 to 1984: After returning to the US in Summer 1981, developer of a Boston-based human rights beat, writing on a variety of Asian and international issues.
1976 to 1981: Asia Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor, based for four years in Hong Kong and one year in Singapore. Responsibilities included news coverage from all East Asia concentrating on China and Southeast Asia.
As Asia Correspondent for The Christian Science Monitor (1976 to 1981) traveled and reported from China, South Korea, the Philippines, Laos, western Cambodia, Thailand, Burma, India, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and Australia. Spent about 50 percent of the time on the road from a base in Hong Kong (1976 to 1980) and Singapore (1980 to 1981).
His foreign correspondence covered the Asian origins of the "Second Cold War," detailed in this account of how in late 1978 he broke the the story of China's coming invasion of Vietnam.
Coverage included the the origins in Asia of the "Second Cold War:" growth of Soviet influence in Vietnam, massive Khmer Rouge repression and human rights abuses in Cambodia, China's growing support for the Khmer Rouge against Vietnam, Vietnam's invasion of Cambodia, China's brief surprise invasion of Vietnam, and the political, cultural and human rights implications of the massive outflow of Indochinese refugees to other parts of Asia and on to the United States, Canada, Australia, and other parts of the world.
Among other news, covered developments with global implications including the death of Mao Zedong followed by transformation of Chinese society under Deng Xiaoping and the normalization of US - China relations. Covered the post Vietnam War Southeast Asia reshuffle that led to a new stalemate pitting China, the US, and the anti-communist Southeast Asian states against Vietnam and the Soviet Union.
OTHER MONITOR ASSIGNMENTS:
1974 to 1976: National correspondent based in San Francisco. Covered California and regional issues, as well as radical politics, including pursuit, capture, and 1976 trial of Patricia Hearst. Won an American Bar Association Golden Gavel Award Certificate of Merit for a four part series on current innovations in police work, based on national travel and reporting.
1971 to 1974: Began Monitor career in Boston home office as "copy kid." Promoted to Boston area reporting including general assignment, transportation and environment coverage, and later assignment to Boston city hall. Also edited and wrote a national and international news summary and feature page.
August 2003 to December 2009: Lecturer in journalism, East Carolina University, Greenville.
January to June 2002: Visiting lecturer in journalism at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro.
January to December 2000: Adjunct instructor in journalism, University of Maine, Orono, Belfast.
September 1999 to December 2000: Adjunct instructor in writing, Unity College, Unity, Maine.
1990 to 1991: Adjunct Instructor, Department of Japanese and East Asian Studies, Bucknell University. Taught interdisciplinary course: "Communications and the Political Economy of East Asia."
1984 to 1988: Associate Professor, School of Communications, The Pennsylvania State University. Taught public affairs reporting assigning students to cover local government; electronic editing, layout and design involving production of a weekly class newspaper; and media coverage of foreign policy issues, involving student research into comparative media coverage.
Summers 1986, 1987: Ran a journalism seminar and writing program as a writing coach for summer interns and junior staff at The Christian Science Monitor in Boston.
1983 to 1984: Adjunct Lecturer in modern Chinese history, Suffolk University, Boston; Edward R. Murrow Fellow in Public Diplomacy, Fletcher School, Medford, Mass.
CAMPUS JOURNALISM:1986 to 1988: On the Board of Directors of The Daily Collegian, Penn State's student daily.
SURVEY RESEARCH:1989 to 1990: As Research Associate, East Asian Studies Center, Penn State University responsible for developing and carrying out survey research on attitudes of American academics specializing in international affairs toward Taiwan and other parts of Asia.
Earned MS at Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism (1971). Studied social work at Boston College's Graduate School of Social Work, (1995-1996).
History and political science at Oberlin College (BA 1963) and the University of California, Berkeley (MA 1964, CPHIL. 1968). After completion of course work and preliminary examinations, advanced to candidacy for the Ph.D. in political science, 1968 with major field in East Asian politics and minors in American government and international relations. Studies involved history and politics of China, and Southeast Asia, as well as Japan, the Koreas, and India. Studies included the Soviet Union and other communist states.
Spent 1968 to 1969 in Hong Kong studying Chinese language at New Asia College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Also was a political science teaching assistant at United College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong under a University of California exchange program. Continued doctoral research on China's national minorities policy at the University Service Center in Hong Kong. Continued study of Chinese in Taiwan as a National Defense Education Act Fellow (1969-1970).
COMPUTERS:Customer/Technical Support Representative with The Internet Access Company, Bedford, MA (1996-1997). Assisted and troubleshooted with both MAC and PC users on connectivity issues and web site maintenance.
Computer skills developed both at The Christian Science Monitor, The York Daily Record and at The Pennsylvania State University included Atex mainframe writing and editing, laptop computers such as the Tandy Model 100, and other computers including the Compugraphic editing system, IBM compatibles, and a variety of Macintoshes.
Have incorporated teaching on the use of databases into Penn State's advanced reporting course. Have trained on Knowledge Index, VU/TEXT, and CompuServe, all serving as preparation for teaching and publishing on the internet.
RADIO:An interest in radio led to a period of contributing Asian news reports, analysis, and interviews for National Public Radio's "All Things Considered" from 1977 to 1980, while stationed in Hong Kong. International short-wave radio has been used both as a news source for writing and for 1987-8 consulting work for WCSN, the short-wave affiliate of The Christian Science Monitor.
LANGUAGES:Began Chinese study at the University of California, Berkeley in 1967; continued in Hong Kong, Taiwan, Columbia University, New York, and with private tutors in Boston.
CONFERENCE PLANNING:Consultant and organizer assisting The Christian Science Monitor in planning a conference for journalism school students entitled "Press Responsibility and the Third World," held in Boston March, 1987. Professors and two students each attended from about 150 schools.
CONSULTING:1987 to 1988: Consultant and trainer for WCSN, the short-wave affiliate of The Christian Science Monitor. Evaluation of programming and development of training materials, beginning August 1987.